P53-Mdm2 Loop Stability and Oscillatory Dynamics with Mdm2-Induced Delay Effect in P53





P53, Mdm2, DDE, Time delays, Stability, Oscillations


In this paper, we consider P53-Mdm2 negative feedback loop supposed to be the core circuit of genome. We study stability and the oscillatory dynamics of the loop. Many of the studies modeled this loop by delay-differential equations with P53-induced transcrip- tional delay in the production of Mdm2. We, however, highlight the importance of Mdm2- induced delay in the degradation of P53 protein. We consider two forms of P53 protein i.e., plain P53 and active P53 along with its principal antagonist protein Mdm2 to formulate a minimal model. Active P53 finds its inclusion in the loop in the presence of DNA damage represented by a Boolean variable ‘s’. The analysis of the model provides thresholds on delays using Nyquist criterion such that delays in the degradation of P53 lower than these thresholds guarantee stability of the loop in that all proteins plain P53, active P53 and Mdm2 approach to stable equilibrium state. The oscillatory dynamics in proteins, if any, would exist beyond these thresholds.

Author Biographies

Mohammad Saleem, Aligarh Muslim University

Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics, AMU Aligarh, India 202002.

Abdur Raheem

Assistant Professor, Department of MAthematics, AMU Aligarh India 202002.


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How to Cite

Baba, M. Y., Saleem, M., & Raheem, A. (2021). P53-Mdm2 Loop Stability and Oscillatory Dynamics with Mdm2-Induced Delay Effect in P53. Tamkang Journal of Mathematics, 52(4), 509-533. https://doi.org/10.5556/j.tkjm.52.2021.3714